What Is Motivation • Willingness to exert high levels of effort toward organizational goals • Conditioned by the effort’s ability to satisfy some individual need Motivation • Thorndike’s (1911) Law of Effort – where past action led to positive consequences, or rewards, individuals will tend to repeat. -Employees are motivated when performance matches outcomes -Focuses on perceptions of fairness in the work place - Inequity due to underpayment or overpayment creates tension between workers Employees are motivated by learning how to behave in order earn desired outcomes - More. There are many learning paradigms, however, behaviorism, cognitivism and constructivism will be the focus for this lesson. Goal setting theory. Keywords: STEWARDSHIP THEORY; AGENCY THEORY; CEO; CHAIR OF BOARD; SHAREHOLDER RETURNS; RETURN ON EQUITY. Several theories attempt to explain how motivation works. How the person interacts and the state of the relationship the person has with his environment is crucial in. Accordingly, motivation is a psychological concept and a complex process. Reinforcement theory. Physiological need creates an aroused tension. The theory proposes universal, innate psychological needs: Competence is defined by a perceived self-belief in one's ability to perform well in an activity, e. The key difference between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation is the reason for acting--internal (intrinsic) or external (extrinsic). © 2019 Attitude Concepts for Today, Inc. Which theory argues that the strength of our tendency to act a certain way depends on the strength of our expectation of a given outcome and its attractiveness? Expectancy theory The processes that account for an individual's intensity, direction, and persistence of effort toward attaining a goal are known as __________. The employee’s preferences will determine the level of valence present for motivation. It's extremely helpful in understanding, teaching, and to a degree managing the ways that people's thinking and decisions are influenced by indirect factors, rather than direct pressure. Motivation The desire to achieve a goal or a certain performance level, leading to goal-directed behavior. Second Examiner: Rob Ruiter, PhD. It is closely related to arousal, attention, anxiety, and feedback/reinforcement. Slide 8: Hackman and Oldham's job characteristics model of work motivation CORE JOB CHARACTERISTICS CRITICAL PSYCHOLOGICAL STATES PERSONAL AND WORK OUTCOMES Variety of skill Identity of the task Significance of the task Experienced meaningfulness of the work Autonomy Feedback Experienced responsibility for work outcomes. Like other types of diagrams, they help visualize what is going on and thereby help understand a process, and perhaps also find flaws, bottlenecks, and other less-obvious features within it. Understanding Motivational Concepts Chapter 7. Human needs are an important part of human nature. Chapter 6: Basic Motivation Concepts. Robbins Objectives Identify the four ingredients common to MBO programs Outline the five-step problem-solving model in OB Modification Explain why managers might want to use employee involvement programs Contrast participative management with employee involvement Explain how ESOPs can increase employee motivation Describe the link. Contrast reinforcement theory and goal-setting theory. In a historical perspective, the content theories tend to be the earliest theories of motivation or later modifications of early theories. In 1960's, Edwin Locke put forward the Goal-setting theory of motivation. These needs are arranged in a hierarchy. Theories of Motivation and Their Application in Organizations: A Risk Analysis. The environment is made up of external factors that affect the person’s level of motivation. Twitter Feed. Expectancy theory in comparison to the other motivation theories. -Employees are motivated when performance matches outcomes -Focuses on perceptions of fairness in the work place - Inequity due to underpayment or overpayment creates tension between workers Employees are motivated by learning how to behave in order earn desired outcomes - More. Because of this, Taylor believed that management should exercise close control over employees, to ensure that they were getting their money's worth. Adams' Equity Theory, which stresses the importance of striking a balance between employee inputs and outputs. However, while Hull’s theory focuses on a reduction of tension as the basis of motivation, the Arousal Theory emphasizes the importance of a balance in arousal levels. Theory Z is a name for various theories of human motivation built on Douglas McGregor's Theory X and Theory Y. The primary objectives of Motivation in Education: Theory, Research, and Application, third edition, are: *to present major motivational theories, principles, and research findings in sufficient detail to help students understand the complexity of motivational processes and to *provide examples of motivational concepts and principles applied to. Human Behavior Part II: Expectancy Theory and ERG Theory. Social marketers who are looking to use protection motivation theory will need to develop the appropriate products: depending on the complexity of the campaign such products could be simple pamphlets or educational courses running in the community. Simple download PPTX and open the template in Google Slides. Cunningham WTC Staff writer. People usually act for one reason: to reach a goal. Culture and the Self: Implications for Cognition, Emotion, and Motivation. The key difference between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation is the reason for acting--internal (intrinsic) or external (extrinsic). There is a large evidence base on motivation in OB. the hierarchy of needs theory, Theories X and Y, and the motivation-hygiene theory. Motivation is the force that initiates, guides and maintains goal-oriented behaviors. Importance of Motivation in Human Resource Development (HRD) Motivation is one of the most important concepts in HRD. This is the most widely known theory of motivation and was hypothesised by American psychologist Abraham Maslow in the 1940s and 1950s. What are Ethos, Pathos, and Logos?. The American psychologist David McClelland studied the way in which people satisfy their needs. Practicing managers still regularly use these theories and their terminology in explaining employee motivation. What is Instinct Theory? The Instinct Theory of Motivation views biological or genetic programming as the cause of motivation. Abstract Motivational factors play an important role in increasing employee job satisfaction. Identify how a teacher can encourage motivation to learn. Lippitt, Watson, and Westley (1958) extend Lewin’s Three-Step Change Theory. Hence, Herzberg’s theory evolved in 1950s, is otherwise called Two Factor Theory of Motivation. Skinner and other radical behaviourists believe that a person will more likely to do an action that is positively received, while he will more likely avoid an action that is negatively received (i. Non-monetary methods of motivation PPT 2. Acquired Needs Theory: we seek power, achievement or affiliation. Whereas the content theories concentrate on the question of 'what' motivates, the process theories address more the issues relating to how the process works and sustains itself over time, such as factors that determine the degree of effort, the continuation of effort, the modification of effort, etc. The concept of the cafe is to bring the community together and educate about healthy living with also a small gym outside to encourage all things health & fitness. Our new CrystalGraphics Chart and Diagram Slides for PowerPoint is a collection of over 1000 impressively designed data-driven chart and editable diagram s guaranteed to impress any audience. The use of such a slide will help to cope with the following tasks: Clearly and vividly represent information;. Human Behavior Part I: Hierarchy of Needs, Hygiene and Motivation Factors, and Theory X/Y. A passion to work for internal reasons that go beyond money and status -which are external rewards, - such as an inner vision of what is important in life, a joy in doing something, curiosity in learning, a flow that comes with being immersed in an activity. The motivation Maslow's theory of needs PowerPoint is such diagram that shows the different aspects of human needs and its fulfillment. Motivation The processes that account for an individual's intensity, direction, and persistence of effort toward attaining a goal. For example, a company that falls in the 50th percentile on employee motivation improves only to the 56th by boosting performance on one drive, but way up to the 88th percentile by doing better on. As the name suggests, humanistic theory concerns itself with characteristics which are distinctly human. A common goal in defining any psychological concept is a statement that corresponds to common usage. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs is a “content theory” of motivation” (the other main one is Herzberg’s Two Factor Theory). Instinct Theory Instinct theory was the earliest theory of motivation. Strategies to Motivate and Manage Employees. What does a robot look like? Theory. The cognitive theories of motivation include the Expectancy Theory and the Goal-Setting Theory. A theory is a set of interrelated concepts, definitions, and propositions that explains or predicts events or situations by specifying relations among variables. TEAM BUILDING. The Herzberg motivation theory is a simple, yet powerful tool which still forms the bedrock of motivational practices today and is used to help organisations create the optimum environment to motivation in its individuals. This article considers three change theories and discusses how one in particular can be used in practice. Herzberg hygiene motivation theory emphasizes these two factors aren’t polar opposites, the factors linked to employee motivation arise from the condition of job itself. What are the external stimuli we can use to arouse that inner motivation? Most people respond to three levels of motivation. This cost-benefit analysis primarily focuses on the idea that we all have the choice to proceed with our actions. We are ready to offer a new premade template for those users who are going to create a Maslow theory of motivation presentation. Doing a presentation on motivation concepts in businesses. According to the James-Lange theory an event such as someone crossing a street and hearing a loud car horn from behind. The theory was developed by Clayton Paul Alderfer, an American psychologist, and consultant, between the 60s and the 70s, based on the empirical study conducted at a factory in Easton, Pennsylvania. Motivation in Education: Theory, Research, and Applications. Our role is to increase student motivation and develop the skills or strategies that make a student more competent and to structure the learning environment so that students are able to take ownership of their own learning. Different Theories on Motivation Different schools of thought look at motivation ( that power that either starts or stops behavior ) through different lenses. Thus, for example, one major theory regards learning and motivation as combining multiplicatively to determine behaviour. These are some of the best-research approaches and represent important tools that really work such as goal setting and job design. It is a new approach to motivation function in the process. Herzberg’s theory could also be explained with Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, where the physiological, safety and security as well as social needs belong to the Hygiene factors and the esteem and self-actualization needs fall into the category of Motivation factors. The theory proposes universal, innate psychological needs: Competence is defined by a perceived self-belief in one’s ability to perform well in an activity, e. the process of motivation and following. , David Myers Module 34 PowerPoint Slides, Aneeq Ahmad 3 7 Drive‐Reduction Theory When the instinct theory of motivation failed it was replaced by drive‐reduction theory. Vroom,Porter and Lawler model Goal setting theory-Locke and latham. The Two Factor Theory by Herzberg is a theory about motivation of employees. Theories and Concepts of Motivation: (Major Theories of Motivation) Biological Theories: Instinct--inborn, unlearned behaviors universal to species explain motivation. It is also important in determining how much students will learn from the activities they perform or the information to which they will be exposed to. Achievement. For more detail on the above typology, see Learning Outcomes. Migrating before winter ensures the survival of the flock, so the behavior has become instinctive. The incentive theory is one of the major theories of motivation and suggests that behavior is motivated by a desire for reinforcement or incentives. In Appendix 2-A, she presents a rating form and scoring procedure with which teachers can. Mc Gregor's theory X and Y are still applicable in today's leadership styles. Download Presentation Psychological Concepts - Motivational Theory An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation. com - id: 12d3-MzM5O. com - id: 426aad-ZjY0Z. Her boss, Jeremy, has noticed that Jenny hasn't been completing all of her tasks each day. List with explenation (Utah Psych) More on Freud's Theory. The present study was undertaken to study the self concept and achievement motivation of adolescents and their relationship with academic achievement. Weiner's attribution theory of motivation describes the way in which we strive to maintain our positive self-image. Tyler, in particular, has made a lasting impression on curriculum theory and practice. Frederick Herzberg developed the model in 1959. Rather than taking a cognitive approach (as goal-setting theory), reinforcement theory is a behavioral approach which assumes that reinforcement conditions behavior and that behavior is environmentally caused. Jones enjoyed meeting Drs. Frederick Herzberg developed the model in 1959. APA: Badubi, R. A basic understanding of three major motivation theories helps us to see how motivation can be applied in the workplace. Example: Creating a web site for fun. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Motivation plays an important role in predicting the success of individuals and their ability to perform in the workplace. -Compare contemporary theories of motivation. Cognitivism focuses on the inner mental activities – opening the “black box" of the human mind is valuable and necessary for understanding how people learn. I believe strongly in the equity theory of motivation. hi all! hope this ppt will help you recall the concepts of motivation cheers!! Shweta 22nd July 2007 From India, Bangalore Attached Files Membership. I have also included a nice motivation worksheet that fits in well after the lesson is taught. This business PowerPoint template is just one of the business theory representations in the gallery. Individuals are more likely to strive in their work if there is an anticipated reward that they value, such as a bonus or a promotion, than if there is none. Carlyle & Galton Trait Theory 2. Frederick Herzberg, Motivation-Hygiene Theory  Herzberg identified two separate and distinct types of needs: • Motivation factors: Related specifically to the job itself - for instance, the nature of the work, the challenge inherent to the work, and/or the perceived or real value of the work. , 1993), Deborah Stipek discusses reinforcement theory, social cognitive theory, intrinsic motivation, need for achievement theory, attribution theory, and perceptions of ability. We have appreciated earlier the importance of motivation in determining human behaviour. Herzberg Theory of Motivation in the Workplace Finding out what people want from their jobs, what motivates them to keep working, was the basis for a study by Fredrick Herzberg during the 1950’s and 60’s. There is a large evidence base on motivation in OB. ABSTRACT The main purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between motivation, self-concept and academic achievement. STUDIO MANAGERIf You AreOverviewA passionate, positive and detail oriented person that can talk to…See this and similar jobs on LinkedIn. With its signature focus on evolutionary psychology, MOTIVATION: THEORY, RESEARCH AND APPLICATION, 6E reflects the latest developments from the field in its thorough coverage of the biological, behavioral, and cognitive explanations for human motivation. Definitions of crucial constructs in the model, including ability beliefs, expectancies for success, and the components of subjective task values, are provided. Creating a means for helping people to feel connected draws forth intrinsic motivation because social needs are met and they can risk the mistakes true learning involves as well as share their resources and strengths (Wlodkowski and Ginsberg, 1995). Teamwork - Teamwork is a practice that is growing in many industries to increase worker participation, which also raises employee motivation. Drive-Reduction--internal tensions “push” toward satisfying basic needs. And that was a risk I was willing to take. Vroom’s theory. Martinko, PhD LEARNING OUTCOMES After completing this chapter, the student should be able to understand: ☛ The basic premises of attribution theory. Chapter Seven Motivating Yourself and Others Chapter Preview: Motivating Yourself and Others Differences between internal and external motivators in the workplace Five characteristics of motives Maslow's hierarchy of needs and Herzberg's motivation-maintenance theory Chapter Preview: Motivating Yourself and Others Theory X and Theory Y leadership styles How expectations influence. Achievers in life use inspiration and motivation to overcome barriers. Planning c. This can then help you to give praise and feedback effectively, assign them suitable tasks, and keep them motivated. in triathlon;. Graphic organizers, mind maps and concept maps are powerful tools that can be used to enhance learning and create a foundation for learning. It states that specific and challenging goals along with appropriate feedback contribute to higher and better task performance. APA: Badubi, R. Robbins Objectives Identify the four ingredients common to MBO programs Outline the five-step problem-solving model in OB Modification Explain why managers might want to use employee involvement programs Contrast participative management with employee involvement Explain how ESOPs can increase employee motivation Describe the link. edu)-> List with explenation (Utah Psych) More on Freud's Theory. These needs are arranged in a hierarchy. motivation theory—-major concepts and contributions This is all about the main researchers of motivation theories and to illustrate how these theories can be apply to practical situation. quality of effort counts!). Whereas the content theories concentrate on the question of 'what' motivates, the process theories address more the issues relating to how the process works and sustains itself over time, such as factors that determine the degree of effort, the continuation of effort, the modification of effort, etc. Within the work environment they have had the greatest impact on management practice and policy, whilst within academic circles they are the least accepted. The key difference between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation is the reason for acting--internal (intrinsic) or external (extrinsic). com - id: 426aad-ZjY0Z. The job of a good theory is to present content in enough detail so that it describes the behavior of a large (generalizable) group of people, but also to be simple to understand, implement, and evaluate (Green et al. The proposed framework is an extension of the then called paradigmatic. Session 4 Basic Motivation Concepts. Motivation and Emotion - Motivation and Emotion Motivation Concepts and Theories Motivation factors within and outside an organism that cause it to behave a certain way at a certain time | PowerPoint PPT presentation | free to view. Financial methods of motivation. Apply the predictions of Cognitive Evaluation theory to intrinsic and extrinsic rewards. In the componential theory, the influences on creativity include three within-individual components: domain-relevant skills (expertise in the relevant domain or domains), creativity-relevant processes (cognitive and personality processes conducive to novel thinking), and task motivation (specifically, the intrinsic motivation to engage in the. Value and expectancy are said to multiply not add (Feather 1982). Motivation Concept - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (. Understanding motivation requires an understanding of the human motivational system. If Edgar is forced to sit down when he defiantly refuses to, then he will most likely lose motivation for the remainder of the lesson. Numerous cross-disciplinary theories have been postulated to explain motivation. Judge Chapter 6 Motivation: From Concepts to Application After studying this chapter, you should be able to: Describe the way in which employees can be motivated by changing their work environment. This is the view that concepts stand in relation to one another in the same way as the terms of a scientific theory and that categorization is a process that strongly resembles scientific theorizing (see, e. The Progressive movement lost much of its momentum in the late 1940s in the United States and from that period the work of Ralph W. Lippitt’s Phases of Change Theory. One of the elements to look at in the analysis of employee behaviour is motivation. This often has something to do with so-called hygiene factors, such as salary and work conditions. Motivation - Early & Contemporary Theory of Motivation Dr. Part of what a theory of motivation tries to do is explain and predict who has which wants. Job satisfaction and motivation correlated significantly with responsibility levels, gender, subject, age, years of teaching experience, and activity. The stages in this process are employee motivation, fair business practices, training, ethical standards, social benefits, rewards, employee recognition. Dan Pink's theory is the story of every entrepreneur who created an empire from the motivation deep within their hearts, not a business plan, project plan, system specification, or contract with strict legal stipulations for default (i. Vroom’s theory. Self-Determination Theory is a theory of motivation that aims to explain individuals' goal-directed behavior (Deci & Ryan 1985; Ryan & Deci 2000). Theory X and Theory Y are still referred to commonly in the field of management and motivation, and whilst more recent studies have questioned the rigidity of the model, Mcgregor's X-Y Theory remains a valid basic principle from which to develop positive management style and techniques. The last level is a bit different. Motivation is the driving force within individuals that impels them to action. McClelland's research into achievement motivation; demonstrates that a few people has exceptional necessities to accomplish, and others are not concern (Arrod. Theories of Motivation and Their Application in Organizations: A Risk Analysis. motivation. In today’s module we will review the concept of motivation and various theories of motivation. Key Terms: motivation, competence, autonomy, relatedness Self-Determination Theory (Deci and Ryan) Self-Determination Theory (SDT) is an important theory of motivation that addresses issues of extrinsic and intrinsic motivation. Motivation is a force used within the educational system to encourage student learning and understanding. Trait Theory Style Theory Contingency Theory Motivation Great Leadership. A short presentation on the motivational theories covered in the AQA business course. Maslow’s Need Hierarchy Theory: Applications and Criticisms Avneet Kaur Jesus and Mary College, University of Delhi. His theory was based on four fundamental questions: 1. It describes two very different attitudes towards workforce motivation. level need increases. Each individual theory tends to be rather limited in scope. Presentation It's simply a mixed generation SaaS version of a technology concept that PTC itself pioneered 30 years ago. - An analysis of the effects of verbal and non-verbal coaching behaviors on motivation on the grounds of self-determination theory. The Two Factor Theory by Herzberg is a theory about motivation of employees. Welcome to our website PowerpointStyles. Expectancy Theory Definition: The expectancy theory was thought up by Vroom in 1963 and later expanded on by Porter and Lawler in 1968. Julian Christopher Bauer. TEAM BUILDING. International Journal of Management Science and Business Administration, 3(3), pp. ppt), PDF File (. In fact, lack of concrete guidelines has been one of the criticisms of the theory, since nurses do not have specific steps they can follow to apply the principles of the theory in their practice. It is a pyramid PowerPoint design because Abraham Maslow's has arranged his conceptualizations in a pyramid sequence. In contrast, Vygotsky’s theory promotes a learning environment in which students play an active role in learning. Non-monetary methods of motivation PPT 2. It's the difference between waking up before dawn to pound the pavement and lazing around the house all day. In other words, motivation, as popularly used, refers to the cause or why of behaviour. Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory Theory of Motivation and Hygiene. “Expedition 196” would not only serve as a grand opportunity to defy the odds, but also to inspire and communicate the concept of peace, wherever she visited. Deci and Ryan's Theory of Motivation (1985) According to Deci and Ryan, extrinsic motivation is a drive to behave in certain ways based on external sources and it results in external rewards (1985). It brings considerable modification in Maslow’s need hierarchy. While each of these theories has some truth, no single theory seems to adequately explain all human motivation. -> Freudian Dream Theory and Neurons-> Dream Interpretation and Psychoanalysis (paper) Id, Ego, Superego-> Freud's structural and topographical models of personality (from Allpsych) Defense Mechanisms-> Defense mechanisms (rpi. In away, carrot refers to positive motivation; and stick refers to negative motivation. FOUR THEORIES OF MOTIVATION Instinct Theory - behavior patterns are genetically transmitted Drive Reduction Theory - people act to reduce drives and their associated tensions Humanistic Theory - people act out of the desire for growth and fulfillment beyond basic survival needs Sociocultural Theory - individual needs and motives. ” According to Fred Luthans (1986). Motivation: allowing the needs of your team to coincide with the needs of your organization. Maslow's theory defines motivation as the process of satisfying certain needs that are required for long-term development. In your role, do you ever need to motivate, inspire, or persuade others? Whether you're a senior executive giving a presentation to the Board, a manager giving a morale-boosting speech to your team, or a production manager giving a presentation on safety standards, at some point, you'll probably have to move people to action. Marandi (elmirahmarandi@gmail. Theories of Motivation and Their Application in Organizations: A Risk Analysis. Multiple Intelligences. The Two-Factor Theory of motivation (otherwise known as dual-factor theory or motivation-hygiene theory) was developed by psychologist Frederick Herzberg in the 1950s. APA: Badubi, R. com - id: cf0f4-ZDc1Z. If motivation is driven by the existence of unsatisfied needs, then it is worthwhile for a manager to understand which needs are the more important for individual employees. Define self-worth and self-efficacy and their importance in motivation. Researchers have proposed theories that try to explain human motivation. Culture and the Self: Implications for Cognition, Emotion, and Motivation. The basis of the theory is that the factors operate independently of each other and thus need to be addressed by different methods. Get engaged in risky ventures, find new opportunities and develop a love-to-learn attitude. Carrot refers to rewards, which are offered or promised to individuals to act in the desired way; while stick refers to punishments which are to be inflicted on individuals, for not acting in the desired way. Extrinsic Motivation: when people do something for an external reward or tangible result (doing work to get paid). MacKay] on Amazon. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. com, find free presentations research about Herzberg PPT. Lippitt, Watson, and Westley (1958) extend Lewin’s Three-Step Change Theory. Maslow’s theory defines motivation as the process of satisfying certain needs that are required for long-term development. Abstract Motivational factors play an important role in increasing employee job satisfaction. The Three Needs Motivation Theory of David McClelland simplifies the factors of motivation to three basic needs, power, achievement, and affiliation. Planning c. Also available, for visitors, are the Personality Tests. Within this role, I had an influence on marketing aspects, such as managing and integrating social media accounts, content generation and the creation of a video advert. Learn more about this theory and its three characteristic traits: locus of. All food is made fresh onsite from fermention, sprouting, cold pressed juices, protein shakes and calorie counted meal prep meals. The focus for the intrinsically motivated is more on the mastery or benefit of the skill or activity. The two-factor theory is based on the assumption that there are two sets of factors that influence motivation in the workplace by either enhancing employee satisfaction or hindering it. Types of Motivation Psychologists – Two kinds of motivation Extrinsic: rewards (money, prestige) Intrinsic: the joy of doing something, key in understanding the FLOW (example: a hobby) Motivation and Flow Theory In Flow, subjects describe their experiences as intrinsically rewarding. Theory of Computation (Automata) - Notes/ pdf/ ppt download Download notes on theory of computation, this ebook has 242 pages included. Basic motivation concepts. Attribution Theory Wiener’s Belief Systems Attribution Theory Cognitive View of Motivation Problems arise from faulty thinking Beliefs, perceptions, interpretations “Everybody hates me!” “He did it on purpose!”. According to this theory, "we are all able to know the world through language, logical-mathematical analysis, spatial representation, musical thinking, the use of the body to solve problems or to make things, an understanding of other individuals, and an understanding of ourselves. Non-monetary methods of motivation PPT 2. Drive-Reduction Theory When the instinct theory of motivation failed to explain most human motivation, it was replaced by the drive-reduction theory. The American psychologist Abraham H. Which theory argues that the strength of our tendency to act a certain way depends on the strength of our expectation of a given outcome and its attractiveness? Expectancy theory The processes that account for an individual's intensity, direction, and persistence of effort toward attaining a goal are known as __________. Process theories of motivation provide an opportunity to understand thought processes that influence behavior. The Arousal Theory of Motivation is quite similar to and borrows some concepts from Clark Hull’s Drive Reduction Theory of Motivation. Compare and contrast goal-setting theory and Management by Objectives. PowerPoint is the world's most popular presentation software which can let you create professional Self Motivation powerpoint presentation easily and in no time. Evaluate the merits of different systems in given situations A Lesson 5: Revison- Using the Specimen question paper Target Outcome Who? Keywords Explain the role of work in satisfying human needs • Understand the concept of human needs such as physiological and social needs • Understand how work can help satisfy such needs C Identify the different methods of financial reward • Explain.